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It is untrue that different drinks, which contain identical amounts of absolute alcohol, will produce different kinds of intoxication. Thus, a martini has no special qualities of inebriation that a whiskey sour of the same potency does not have. The degree of inebriation is the result of how much absolute alcohol is taken into the blood stream and how fast.

The "Sermon on the Mount" isn't called that in the Bible—we've given it that name.

The Bible doesn’t say "Spare the rod and spoil the child." It's from Samuel Butler's 18th century poem "Hudibras." The book of Proverbs (13:24) does contain this line: "He that spareth his rod hateth his son."

Nothing in the Bill of Rights or the U.S. Constitution requires that a jury verdict be unanimous (in capital or any other cases). A jury also doesn't have to be made up of 12 people, as is commonly believed.

The Indians were not the attackers at the Battle of Little Big Horn—the Cavalry attacked the Indians and were defeated.

Lizzie Borden was acquitted of allegedly having killed her parents.

Libel and slander are often confused—legally, libel is printed and slander is spoken.

Thomas Edison didn't invent the lightbulb—he did, however, improve upon a principle others had discovered. As early as 1802, Sir Humphrey Davy produced an arc light—precursor to Edison's "discovery."

Sitting Bull did not participate in the Battle of Little Bighorn.

Lloyd's of London is not, as is popularly believed, an insurance company. It is an association of carefully selected underwriters who act as individuals.

Baseball is not America's favorite pastime. According to researchers, eating is—among American adults, anyway.

Costa Rica hasn't got an army.

A solar eclipse cannot last longer that seven minutes and 58 seconds.

There are no bones in an elephant's trunk, just 40,000 muscles.

Most people would be surprised to discover that starfish have no brain.

The words "naked" and "nude" are not the same. "Naked" implies unprotected. "Nude" means unclothed.

Caesar salad has nothing to do with any of the Caesars. It was first concocted in a bar in Tijuana, Mexico, in the 1920s.

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No clergyman attended the U.S. Constitutional Convention, and the Constitution itself contains no religious references, not even a mention of God.

The Bible makes no mention of a snake in the Garden of Eden. According to Genesis (3:2-14), it was a "serpent" that tempted Eve. A serpent in antiquity did not usually refer to a snake, but to any creeping thing that was especially noxious or venomous.

"Minutes," like those taken at meetings, don't refer to a measurement of time. The term "minutes" comes from the Latin minitus, or "small," since records of meetings are, in a way, taken down in miniature, to be transcribed later.

The phrase was not originally "Music has charms to soothe the savage beast," and the phrase was not Shakespeare's. William Congreve, in his play Mourning Bride, wrote "Music has charms to soothe a savage breast."

"Nightmare" has nothing to do with horses. The "mare" derives from the Old English mara, or a specter that perched itself on the chest of a sleeper, depriving them of motion and speech.

The Panama Canal does not cross the Isthmus east to west. Actually, it starts by going south, then takes a turn eastward. Its "western" or Pacific end is actually more than 20 miles east of its Atlantic beginnings.

No pearls of value are ever found in North American edible oysters.

Petrified wood does not turn to stone. The minerals in water that seeps into the wood, over a long period of time, replaces the wood cells—this acts as a kind of mold...but no organic material "turns to stone."

There is no such place as Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. It's Pittsburgh—the only one in the country.

Porcupines cannot shoot their quills.

Postcards and postal cards aren't the same thing. A postal card is one that has a stamp pre-printed on it. A postcard must be stamped by the user.

The term "re" (as commonly used in business correspondence) does not stand for "regarding" or "in reference to." It comes from the Latin res, meaning "thing" or "matter."

The abacus is not of Chinese origin. This kind of counting device was first used by the Egyptians around 2000 B.C.

B.C. stands for "before Christ," but A.D. doesn't stand for "after death." It's an abbreviation for anno Domini, meaning "in the year of the Lord."

You can't aggravate a person. "Aggravate" means to make a thing or condition worse. So, only a problem or situation an be aggravated.

"Alumni" doesn't mean the male and female former students of a college or university. Alumnus refers to a male. Alumni is plural of alumnus, and means more than one male former student. Alumna is a former female student, and alumnae is the plural.

Atlas did not hold the world on his shoulders. Atlas was condemned by Zeus to support the heavens on his shoulders.

There's no connection between the Baby Ruth candy bar and Babe Ruth, the baseball player. At least that's the claim of the folks that make Baby Ruths (the Curtiss Candy Company). The official company position is that the candy bar was named after the daughter of President and Mrs. Grover Cleveland, Ruth. (The official statement about the name has been that Ruth Cleveland "visited the Curtiss Candy Company...and this largely influenced the company's founder to name the candy bar Baby Ruth." Ruth Cleveland died in 1904. The Curtiss Candy Company wasn't even founded until 1916.) Thanks to for this item.

"Alas! poor Yorick. I knew him well" is not to be found in "Hamlet." The line is "Alas! poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio.

Bats do not navigate by radar. It's sonar—which involves sound waves as opposed to radar which has to do with electronic waves.

Bees don't collect honey. They collect nectar, which is changed into honey within the bee's body.

"Brevity is the soul of wit," from "Hamlet," has nothing to do with being witty. In Shakespeare's time, "wit" meant "widsom." Polonius meant that brevity is the soul of wisdom (or that the wise know how to put things succinctly).

Britain and England do not refer to the same place. England is one of the three countries that share the island of Great Britain. Great Britain (or just Britain) is the largest of the British Isles (and includes England, Scotland and Wales). The British Isles include Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands.

It's a myth that bulls get agitated just because they see red. Bulls are color blind.

The Battle of Bunker was not fought on Bunker Hill. It took place on Breed's Hill. It's also a fallacy that the American's won the battle—they were driven off Breed's Hill with over 400 killed or wounded. The British, however, lost half their men (about 1,000), so the battle was a symbolic victory if not a tactical one.

Camel's hair brushes are made from the tails of squirrels. (I doubt this is still true.)

Lucifer, used as a name for the Devil, is not found in the Bible. There is only one reference to Lucifer in the Bible (Isa. 14:12), and it doesn't refer to Satan, but to the King of Babylon.

There is no Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. But there is a Chief Justice of the United States.

Chop suey did not originate in China. Actually, it originated in a California mining camp when the Chinese cook threw together what he had left over and called it "chop suey," a phonetic translation of "tsa sui," meaning "various things."

Jesus Christ was not his name. "Christ" is a title, which is derived from a Hebrew word meaning "the anointed one." To be correct, he should be referred to as "Jesus the Christ."

Cinderella's slippers weren't glass. Not in the original story, anyway. The story is French, and her slippers were originally fur, or "vair" in the old French for "ermine." "Glass" in French is "verre." Same pronunciation, different meaning. Whoops.

Coffee beans aren't beans—they're the pits of a red, cherry-like fruit.

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Many believe a condemned person goes free if the electric chair has a technical malfunction. That's an oldie but goodie, but not true. The law must be followed, faulty equipment or not.

Emerson never said "Consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds." It was actually "A foolish consistency..."

"Cyclone" is not another word for hurricane (or tornado). In fact, it isn't even a wind. It is a pattern of winds circulating around a low-pressure area, clockwise in the southern hemisphere and counterclockwise in the northern.

"Doomsday" doesn't refer to the day we're all doomed. The phrase comes from the Old English noun "dom," which meant "judgment," so doomsday is actually judgment day.

Prohibition, or the Eighteenth Amendment, doesn't prohibited the consumption of alcohol. In fact, it outlawed its manufacture, sale or transportation...not its consumption.

Electric fans do not cool the air. That effect is created by the increased evaporation of moisture from the skin resulting from greater air circulation.

Charles Lindbergh wasn't the first to fly across the Atlantic non-stop. He was the 67th. He was, however, the first to make the flight solo.

The fish symbol for Christians and Christianity is not a reference to the miracle of the loaves and fish. The symbol began as a Greek rebus. The letters in the Greek word for fish form the first letters of the Greek words "Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior."

The main character in "Around the World in 80 Days" is not Phineas Fogg. It's Phileas.

Frankenstein wasn't a monster (per se). Frakenstein was not the name of the monster, but the person who created the monster. And it's not Doctor Frankenstein. He wasn't a doctor.

French generals do not "kiss" soldiers when they present them an honor. It only appears that way. In actuality, they're touching cheeks—the medieval ritual for knighting someone.

A "gendarme" isn't a generic term for any French police officer. Gendarmes are soldiers on police duty. The term for police in France is...police.

German silver contains copper, zinc and nickel—but not silver.

"Get thee to a nunnery" did not refer to a place where there are nuns. Hamlet's rejection of Ophelia meant something different back then. A "nunnery" was a whorehouse.

Goats don't eat tin cans.

Canada isn't wholly north of the United States. Actually, 27 of our states lie to some degree north of Canada's southernmost part, Middle Island, in Lake Erie.

If you sing "God rest you, merry gentlemen," the comma is in the wrong place. Originally, the phrase was "God rest you merry, gentlemen."

The Hundred Year War lasted 116 years—from 1337 to 1453.

The purple finch is, in reality, crimson.

People are surprised to learn that Chinese gooseberries come from New Zealand.

A Jerusalem artichoke is not an artichoke, it is a sunflower.

Arabic numerals are not Arabic—they were invented in India.

Seems a bit illogical, but the Speaker of the House in Great Britain is not allowed to speak.

In England, corn means wheat. In the Bible, corn means grain.

When sailors speak of sheets (as in "three sheets to the wind"), they are not talking about sails. A sheet in nautical terminology is a rope or chain.

"Catgut" has nothing to do with cats—it is made of sheep intestines. (They're used to make musical instruments, and produce sounds similar to a cat's. Hence, the name.)

The new millennium began on January 1, 2001, not January 1, 2000.

"Wherefore," as in "Wherefore art thou Romeo?" means "why," not "where."

The breed of dog we call the Great Dane originated in Germany, not Denmark.

Hitler was never a house painter or paperhanger—he painted pictures, not houses.

Humble pie has nothing to do with "being humble." The word was originally "umble," and is related to "umbilical." The poor often ate the umbilical cords of animals, food scorned by those better off. So, to "eat umble pie," signified poverty, not humiliation.

Ice cream doesn't make us cooler. Because of its high caloric content, it makes one hotter, not cooler.

The French fry wasn't invented in France. (Its origin is probably Belgian.) "French," in this case, refers to the way in which French fries are prepared. Food cut into strips is said to be "Frenched." French fries are strips of potato that have been fried, so they became known as French fried potatoes, or "French fries."

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