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Hawaii wasn’t a state when Pearl Harbor was attacked. It didn’t become a state until 1959, and the attack on Pearl Harbor took place in 1941.

"Thou shalt not kill" is not what was intended as the sixth Commandment in the Bible. That phrase was mistranslated from the Old Hebrew. The proper translation is, "Thou shall not do murder."

"Golden apples" in Greek mythology weren’t apples. They were apricots.

Despite what most people think, hornets and wasps don’t die after they sting. (Honeybees do, but hornets and wasps can sting numerous times without dying.)

The famous hotel and casino in Las Vegas isn’t Caesar’s Palace. The hotel does not use an apostrophe in its name—it’s Caesars Palace.

Little Miss Muffet, who sat on her tuffet, wasn’t fictional as most people believe. She was the daughter of Dr. Thomas Moffett of England—an expert on spiders.

Horseshoe crabs aren’t crabs. Their closest existing relatives are the scorpion and spider.

People didn’t always put their hand over their heart during the Pledge of Allegiance. The pledge was first given with the arm outstretched in front, palm slightly up. Since that gesture resembled the Hitler salute, Congress changed it during World War II to the arm across the chest.

Contrary to popular belief, only one alligator has ever been found in the New York City sewer system. The 125-pound alligator was pulled out by four boys back in 1935.

Head cheese isn’t cheese. It’s chopped and boiled meat--portions of the head and feet and other parts of a pig-- mixed with gelatin and pressed into the shape of a cheese.

Koala bears aren’t bears. They’re marsupials.

Cupid was originally the god of lust, not romantic love. Cupid was the name given by the Romans to the Greek god Eros. In India, Cupid was known by Hindus as Kama, the inspiration for the Kama Sutra sex manual.

Despite the legend, William Tell never shot an apple off his son’s head. In actuality, the story of William Tell is a complete fiction.

The prairie dog isn’t a dog. It’s a rodent.

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